DATE: 7 December 2020
TIME: 14h00 – 17h00
If there is one thing that the global pandemic has shown us is how fragile our economy is and how much we rely on inputs from outside the country, mostly China, for most consumer goods. The pandemic has also presented an opportunity to bring manufacturing back to South Africa and Africa to protect against unforeseen shocks and also to build resilient, equitable economies.
Other events in 2020 also highlighted the need for broad-based participation in the economy, especially manufacturing, which would see more black-owned businesses supplying retailers and wholesalers.
This online conference seeks to ensure that all aspiring entrepreneurs have a better understanding of how the retail landscape in South Africa works, which route to market best suits their vision for themselves and their brand and how they can build sustainable, job creating businesses. Building a healthy, growing, resilient and equitable economy is all of our business.
- The retail landscape in South Africa
- Understanding basics required to list in retail
- Understanding pricing and basic trading terms
- Funding once listed in retail chain
- Small business in retail success stories
- How to get your product flying off shelves
- Sectoral gaps and opportunities for SA manufactured goods
How to certify you agro-processing or food product for retail
- Apply Hair Juice to hair to dampen. If the hair was washed, ensure it is also conditioned. Apply Hair Juice when hair almost feels dry.
- Detangle hair in sections
- Apply Oil Blend and leave to dry, if hair type does not require C – cream.
- If the hair is high porosity or is 4c, it will most likely need C = cream. Apply Hair Food on the section after Hair Juice and Oil Blend and then braid that section. Repeat until the whole head is done.
- Sleep with the braids or sit with braids until dry. Braiding smooths and closes hair cuticle, closing in moisture. When dry, unravel and style soft, moisturised hair.
- Repeat above steps daily on high porosity hair or if hair is exposed to air conditioning or heaters.
Hot oil treatments are an amazing, amazing deep conditioning treatment that leaves hair feeling good inside and out. It is a deeply nourishing treatment that resolves many hair problems. It leaves hair moisturized, shiny and soft.
People with all types of hair can do hot oil treatments, whether you consider your hair naturally oily or naturally dry, relaxed hair, natural hair, all hair types benefit immensely from this kind of treatment. Whether your hair problem is dry hair, thinning hair, breaking hair, frizzy hair, scaly or dandruff prone scalp; your hair will benefit from a hot oil treatment.
Do not be concerned that doing a hot oil treatment will leave your hair oily and weighed down because natural oils wash off easily with warm water after you are done with the treatment. You do not have to wash your hair before applying the oil, you will wash hair after treatment.
Here are a few ways in which you can incorporate an oil treatment into your hair regimen:
1. If you have low porosity hair, which is hair that has difficulty absorbing moisture because its cuticle is not penetrated easily, it is important to include a heating element during your oil treatment process.
- You can do that by bringing water to boil in a pot
- Place your bottle of oil in the hot water so it is warmed up to skin temperature
- Test oil is not too hot by applying on your wrist
- Section your hair in four parts and apply oil evenly throughout hair, focus on hair tips. Hair can be dry or damp
- Massage the oil into your scalp as well
- Cover with plastic cap and leave covered for 30 minutes
- Wash off the oil with water, shampoo and then apply conditioner to your hair
DO NOT HEAT OIL IN MICROWAVE BECAUSE THAT WILL BREAK DOWN NUTRIENTS IN THE OIL AND LEAVE OIL UNABLE TO BENEFIT YOUR HAIR
2. If you do not fancy applying a hot liquid on your sensitive scalp you may consider warming the oil with a hot towel
- Apply oil onto your damp or dry hair, if you have low porosity hair, go for damp hair
- Cover head with plastic cap
- Warm a damp towel in the microwave and wrap around your head
- When the towel cools, reheat in microwave and wrap around head again
- Do this for no less than 30mins
- Rinse off oil, and then shampoo and condition as usual
3. If you are not up to doing the treatment by heating the oil, you can choose to “hot” oil treat using the greenhouse method:
- Apply oil to dry hair, your does not have to be drenched in oil. Remember to cover the tips
- Cover your hair with a plastic
- Then cover with your usual bedtime head wrap
- Keep oil covered on your hair overnight. Your natural body heat will be released and captured by the plastic cap and that heat will facilitate the penetration of oil into your hair
- In the morning rinse off oil and proceed to wash and condition
- You can also do this by leaving the oil in your and cover in a plastic and leave it all day whilst you work indoors, the point is to keep it for a few hours.
- Then rinse off the oil, shampoo and condition
4. If you have a hooded dryer or deep conditioning heat cap:
- Apply your oil to your dry or damp hair
- Cover head in plastic cap and the go under hooded dryer or put on heated deep conditioning cap
- Stay in the heated environment for 30mins
- Rinse off with warm water, shampoo and condition
5. If you have a steamer or are going to a steam room at the gym:
- Apply oil to dry or damp hair
- Do not cover with plastic cap, place a towel or cotton wool strap around edges of hair to absorb dripping water or oil
- Stay under steamer for 30 mins
- Let hair cool down
- Rinse off oil with warm water, shampoo and condition hair
Conditioning is probably the most important part of our washing routine, in fact it’s probably the most important part of our hair care routine. Conditioning does more than just restore the moisture that was stripped from shampooing.
Applying a conditioner to your hair literally conditions your hair to improve its texture and appearance to one that is smoother and naturally shiny, see below how it does this.
Here are 6 reasons why you should not skip conditioning your hair:
- PH Balance – In its best state, the human hair and scalp has a pH between 4.5 and 5.5, this is slightly acidic. Washing your hair causes an imbalance in pH because water alone has an alkaline pH of 6 – 8.5. Conditioning restores this balance because conditioners have an acidic pH of between 4 – 5.5. This closes hair cuticles to stop hair from losing moisture that our naturally dry hair needs.
- Detangling – Our naturally coily hair tangles easily and this can result in hair loss through breakage. The best time to detangle hair is when it’s wet and protected by a layer of conditioning agents so it breaks less and experiences less damage because there is less friction than when it is dry. This also reduces the risk of split ends caused by friction.
- Promotes Elasticity – Conditioning hair results in improved elasticity, which prevents breakage. It does this by locking moisture within cuticles making hair flexible. Dry hair tends to be brittle and snaps easily when under tension.
- Natural Shine – A natural shine is what we are after. Conditioning leaves hair with a lustrous natural shine by smoothing and laying cuticles flat. Raised or open cuticles give hair a dull appearance and rough feel. Conditioner closes cuticles. This smoothening process that lays down the cuticles gives hair its natural shine and a smooth texture.
- Strengthens Hair – When conditioner is applied to hair, protein and moisture are deposited into hair strands, this strengthens hair against damage of daily handling and styling.
- Moisturises Hair – Kinky, coily, curly hair is naturally dry, it is not able to moisturise hair strands on its own, as is the case with straighter hair. Our natural hair requires an infusion of moisture often. For hair to remain moisturised, moisture must be sealed or closed within cuticle, conditioning does this, it closes cuticle and keeps moisture in the hair. Moisturised hair is softer to the touch and flexible to avoid breaking.
Our Amina Deep Penetrating Moisturising Conditioner is the best deep conditioner for deeply moisturising, hydrating and softening the kinkiest, moist coily of 4c/z hair! It rewards your coils like no other. It is a thick, creamy conditioner, formulated with concentrated natural oils and natural conditioning agents that are extremely beneficial and responsive to kinky dry hair.
Why Deep Condition?
All hair types require deep conditioning or treatments or masks. But for African hair, deep conditioning or treating your hair is the most important thing you can do. It is a must to deep condition African hair, whether natural or relaxed, once a week. African hair is naturally dry and brittle and needs extra attention and assistance to thrive. Deep condition makes sure hair gets the moisture boost, nourishment and strengthening it needs to be soft and smooth. Deep conditioning is a process where a concentrated conditioner or treatment is applied to the hair and left on the hair for a period ranging from 20mins to 60mins. This is to ensure that the product gets into the hair. Most other products are applied and sit on the hair, not penetrate it. The length of time, plus heat ensure that deep conditioning happens.
How To Deep Condition Using Amina Deep Penetrating Moisturising Conditioner
There are several ways to deeply condition hair, but what is common amongst these methods is the stimulation heat. Heat encourages the hair cuticle to open up allowing the conditioner to PENETRATE each hair, ensuring silkier and hydrated hair strands.
Step 1: Cleanse Hair
The best way to use the Deep Penetrating Conditioner to deep condition is after you have washed your hair with a shampoo. Clarify your hair only when necessary or once a month, using raw and unfiltered Apple Cider Vinegar (mixed with water) or a clarifying shampoo. Washing removes product build up allowing for easier penetration of the conditioner into your hair.
Step 2: Apply Conditioner Generously
After washing and rinsing shampoo, apply a very generous amount of conditioner to dripping wet hair. Do not dry your hair after rinsing off your shampoo.
Note: For that extra WOW FACTOR, simply add a small amount of our AfroBotanics Mukaya African Oil Blend to your conditioner in your hand before applying to wet, it is a blend of Coconut Oil, Shea Butter, Avocado Oil, Marula Oil and Baobab Oil.
Step 3: Activate Conditioner Using Heat
Methods to Activate Heat:
- Heat Cap: the heat cap is an all-time favourite as it requires the least admin, and at R600.00 max, is worth the purchase. After applying the Deep Penetrating Conditioner put on a shower cap, and on top of the shower cap use a headscarf to protect the shower cap from melting from the heat of the heat cap. Put the heat on the highest level, bringing it down as time passes. Sit for 20 minutes, cool-off and rinse off the conditioner.
- Steamer: highly effective and worth the once off purchase of about R1200.00. We love the steamer because it really opens up the hair cuticles allowing for maximum moisture penetration. After applying the Deep Penetrating Conditioner, sit under the steamer for approximately 20-25 minutes, do not cover hair. Ensure to have a towel, as water will drop from the steamer. Cool-off then rinse off the conditioner.
- Hooded Dryer: So there are two kinds. There’s the one which we are familiar with and have probably used a few times, the one available at the salons – more professional. Then there’s the smaller portable one with a hair bonnet that needs you to connect your blow dryer to it. However they work similarly. After applying the Deep Penetrating Conditioner, put on shower cap and sit under the professional dryer, or connect your blow dryer to the end of the hair bonnet hooded dryer for 20 – 25 minutes. Cool-off then rinse off the conditioner.
Moisturizing Low Porosity Hair Using the Baggy Method
There is probably one word that we keep hearing as naturals; in fact we could probably start a petition to have it be our official ‘natural’ word, “moisture”. If you don’t already, you should learn how to love this word, because you will hear it a lot, and besides you should know by now that moisture is key to growing hair. But many of us struggle with retaining moisture and frequently ask ‘how or where can I get moisture’, ‘what products can I use to acquire moisture’, or ‘what’s the secret ingredient for moisture’.
Today we are going deep into the Baggy Method, which is a highly recommended moisture infusion method for low porosity hair. Low porosity simply means that your hair struggles to absorb any moisture, even from water-based products, products just sit on the hair and does not saturate or penetrate into the hair shaft, it’s hair that is prone to dryness. Although it struggles to absorb water and let water into the cuticle, this hair type retains water the longest once water gets through. High porosity hair has cuticles that are open that let water in and out easily, it is also prone to dryness. Normal porosity hair has cuticles that are open just enough to let water in and keep in for a certain period.
The Baggy method, which may not work for all, but is worth the experiment, is one-way to maintaining luscious and hydrated low porosity coils. It combines extremely simple steps and is only a plus to your already existing hair regimen. Okay, so it’s similar to deep conditioning and doesn’t require any extra effort, but it does deliver the much-needed nutrients your hair needs. It is advised that you add this method as part of your washday routine. Start on the day you wash your hair as your hair will be clean.
For best results, do it twice a week for 4 weeks at a time. Or do it daily for a week and you will see a different in the moisture content of your low porosity hair.
There are two ways to go about it, depending on what is suffering the most. 1. Ends or 2. All-over. If you spot that your ends are splitting, dry or brittle, then the emphasis should be on your ends. However, your whole head could benefit from it.
- Use Apple Cider Vinegar, mixed with water to clarify and to remove any product build-up.
- Apply and rinse out conditioner like our Black Pearl Hydrating Conditioner. Or Amina Deep Penetrating Moisturising Conditioner
Side note: you can do this method on damp hair, however, you are likely to sweat and your hair might not dry. If your hair is not fully dry by the end of the method, you have probably lost some moisture.
- After leaving your hair to dry naturally but damp, section hair, and apply EITHER a dab of the Afrobotanics Nehanda Leave-In Conditioner or Black Pearl Hair Juice
- Seal the moisturizer in with a blend of oils (Afrobotanics Mukaya Oil Blend).
- You can do a braid out, twist out or whichever protective style to your liking. You can also tie the ends together, using hair ties (but not too tightly).
- Apply a plastic cap
- Apply head scarf for security
- Leave products on hair for 3-4 hours, or over night. But not longer than this because it is important that your hair gets to breathe!
- Undo protective style and style your hair as your like.
If this method is not a success with you, don’t worry; we will be posting about other methods that can help your hair retain moisture and ultimate growth, just stay tuned!
Have you tried the Baggy Method? If so, please let us know how did it go in the comments section below.
Lately protective hairstyles trends are just booming, and even when you already have a protective style you just can’t wait to have the next one done.
Protective styles are a great way to shield your hair from damage, especially the ends. A protective style is a style that keeps you from touching your hair daily and keeps the ends of your hair tucked away. The ends are the oldest parts of our hair therefore constantly manipulating hair without giving it a break can cause hair ends and the rest of your hair to weaken.
Damage to our hair can happen easily, by combing and styling it daily, we compromise our hair. So if you want healthier and longer hair, you have to put your hair in a protective style for 1 week to 6 weeks depending on the style.
Protective styles are necessary and applicable to those who wear their hair natural and those that relax their hair.
Examples of stylish and trendy protective styles:
- Box braid (can last for 4 – 6 weeks)
- Wigs (protective style under the wig)
- Bantu Knots
- Crotchet Braids
- Twists with own hair
- Pigtails that tuck away the ends
- Up-dos like buns
However, it’s imperative that we follow the right regimen before we put our hair into a protective style. When our hair is ‘protected’ it is not easy to get the much-needed moisture to the hair and could end up drying out. Dry hair is susceptible to split ends and breakage, defeating the whole purpose of putting our hair in a protective style. That’s why we have put together this guide of what you can do before a protective style in order to ensure your hair emerges healthier and longer after the protective style.
Wet your hair. Apply the AfroBotanics Amina Deep Penetrating Conditioner/Black Pearl Hydrating Conditioner before you shampoo your hair, cover with a plastic shower cap and leave for 20 -30 minutes. An alternative is to apply the Mukaya 5-in-1 Oil Blend, cover with a plastic shower cap and leave for 20 – 30 minutes before shampooing. These methods infuse extra moisture before you strip some moisture from your hair by shampooing, leaving it less dryer.
- Cleanse Hair
Wash your hair using the Black Pearl Sulfate – Free Shampoo to remove all product build up and dirt. Leaving you with a head of fresh hair that is ready to absorb moisture.
- Deep Condition
Deep Conditioning is one of the most efficient ways to get the most out of your conditioner. It is extremely hydrating and leaves your hair softer, shinier and with added elasticity, making your hair less prone to breakage. Rinse out.
The L.O.C Method will leave you with the most satisfying results. What is this? Apply our Nehanda Leave-In Conditioner to damp hair to moisturize hair, followed by the Mukaya 5-in-1 Oil Blend to seal in the moisture while providing your hair with nutrients. End this method off with our Asantewaa African Triple Butter to ensure that your hair is protected and does not lose any moisture. Then detangle or comb hair and partition braid hair in twists or pondos until it dries or overnight.
If you have HIGH POROSITY HAIR, that is hair that loses moisture quickly, then consider doing this step twice before braiding, so do the first L.O.C. two days before going to braid, and then L.O.C. again the night before you go braid.
Stretch your hair without any heat by braiding it or doing twists the night before you have your hair braided. Doing braid out is the most successful method to stretch our hair. It will make it simpler for you when you comb-out your hair before the protective style. Your hair needs to be stretched to ensure that it all gets tucked in, which is essential to it being protected.
NB: Don’t forget to hydrate your hair during the protective style using our AfroBotanics Modjadji Braid Spray or Black Pearl Hair Juice. This will you’re your hair moisturized and nourished and will also minimize breakage when unbraiding and keep your style looking fresher and desirable for longer. Also remember to apply our Asantewaa African Triple Butter to your scalp every few days to maintain a healthy and clean scalp.
What are your current favorite and most successful protective styles? Drop us a picture in the comments section below, to give others some ideas.
Dandruff is a common medical complaint especially amongst women. It may very well be a symptom of another underlying health concern, which is why it is important to get a proper diagnosis
There are a number of possible causes for a scaly scalp. Contrary to the stigma, dandruff is not caused by poor hygiene. Although less frequent washing of hair can cause or worsen scaling. In most instances, dandruff is caused by dry hair and dry scalp, leading to excessive shedding.
Majority of women at some point in their lives will experience some form of itching or scaling of the scalp. There are many reasons for this and these may include; dandruff or irritation from hair care products, less frequent washing of hair while frequently applying oils to hair. It has been reported that black women wash their hair almost every two weeks compared to Caucasian/Asian women who tend to wash their hair every other day, this may be due to fear and the inconvenience of disrupting their hairstyles like weaves, braids or plats. This form of practice certainly needs to be reviewed if one is suffering from dandruff or scaly scalp.
Underlying skin and hair conditions that can cause a scaly scalp:
- Seborrhoeic dermatitis:An inflammatory condition of the skin that also affects the scalp. When occurring on the scalp it is called Seborrhoeic Capitis.Seborrhoeic capitis presents with a range of symptoms from a mild flaky scalp to a thick greasy yellowish scale that may cover the whole scalp. It is important to note that, the use of hair care extensions has been directly associated with Seborrhoeic dermatitis.
- Psoriasis: A common condition that causes a dry thick silvery adherent scale especially along hairline and above ears. Psoriasis can be severe and affect whole scalp, often flakes will be seen on the shoulders, neck and on clothes
- Tinea capitis (scalp ringworm): Localized areas of scale to the affected patch. Commonly seen in children but tinea capitis can very well occur in adults
- Eczema: Dry itchy white scale, affecting the entire scalp, patient can have isolated scalp eczema or other lesions of eczema elsewhere in the body.
- Irritant contact dermatitis: Recurrent use of hair products may cause inflammation or irritability to the scalp leading to dandruff. Chemical relaxers, hair dyes, heat dryers can cause an irritant contact dermatitis of the scalp leading to eczematous reactions, chemical burns, dryness and severe scaling. Also the use of hair extension (weaves, artificial extensions) has been shown to have a direct relationship with an itchy and scaling scalp.
6.Malassezia infection: Closely linked to Seborrhoeic Dermatitis, Another cause of dandruff lies in the naturally occurring yeast microbes (Malassezia) that form part of the scalp. Due to an overproduction of sebum, they flourish and overpopulate. This leads to irritation, as mentioned above, which also causes flaking and shedding of yellow scabs or white flakes of skin.
It is therefore very important to address any excessive scaling of the scalp with urgency. Without addressing the underlying cause, the condition may persist and grow in severity. Underlying conditions if they are left untreated can cause significant disease, scarring of the scalp and eventually hair loss.
It is therefore very important to get a diagnosis for your scale.
What are the symptoms of dandruff?
- Dandruff commonly present with itching and dryness of the scalp. Those battling dandruff will be aware of white flakes of skin on the scalp, in the hair, and on the shoulders.
- There may thickened areas of the scalp and hair
- If other areas of the body are affected especially the nose, the eyebrows, the hairline, the ears, and the center of the chest or back showing excessive shedding of skin. Think of conditions like Seborrhoeic Dermatitis, Psoriasis or Eczema.
- In babies, most commonly newborns, dandruff is common and presents as a scaly yellow flaking on the scalp or cradle cap (seborrhoeic capitis)and is generally harmless, self-correcting in the first year of life without treatment.
How dandruff is treated
While it is important to keep to a good washing routine, beware of drying out the scalp with excessive washing as this will lead to further irritation and exacerbate the problem.
Wash the hair regularly once a week for African hair (black hair), twice a week for Caucasian or Asian hair.
Typical therapy includes medicated shampoos containing:
- Coal tar – to slow the regeneration and shedding of skin cells. (Don’t go overboard with coal tar can be irritating and stain hair – not advised for blonde hair)
- Selenium sulphide and zinc pyrithione – to reduce fungal growth and slow down cell turnover to reduce build-up and shedding.
- Salicylic acid – (scalp scrubs) exfoliates dead skin cells before they build up and shed.
- Ketoconazole or Ciclopirox olamine – an antifungal treatment to reduce the growth of malassezia.
You may need to experiment with a few until you find one that works for you.
Using a conditioner after shampooing can help relieve dryness
Should symptoms continue after using anti-dandruff shampoos, make sure to consult a qualified dermatologist.